Channel 4 is a huge British TV company, in this blog i will explain everything about them.
Channel 4 is a British public service provider which started brocading on the 2nd of November 1982. It is now owned and operated by the Channel 4 Television Corporation which is a public corporation of the Department for Culture, Media & Sport, which was established in 1990 and came into operation in 1993. It was created for creating a fourth alternative to the BBC. In the beginning channel 4 was funded by ITV in order to have its advertisements shown. Nowadays it pays for itself through things like the sale of on-air advertising, programme sponsorship, and the sale of any programme content and merchandising rights it owns, such as overseas sales and video sales. For example in 2012 it had £995 million which 91% of it was taken from advertising. Channel 4s revenue for 2016 was £629 million. Channel 4 has a good relationship with advertisers, the advertisers pay channel 4 to show their adds and then they get seen all over the world. The advertisers get many rights and are almost allowed to show whatever they want so long as it is acceptable by Ofcom.
Product Types of channel 4
Famous UK stars who are shown in channel 4 include, Bear Grylls (the island), Simon Pegg (spaced), Humans- Emily Berrigton, Gemma Chan, Raised by wolves – Rebekah Staton, Philip jackson, The Watchman – Matthew Goode, Supernatural – Mark Sheppard, Hunted – David Toddington, Julie Clegg.
Famous UK directors.
The island -Bear Grylls, Ben Mitchell, Delbert Shoopman, Tim Whitwell
Spaced – Edgar Wright
Humans – Sam Vincent, Jonathan Brackley, Chris Fry
Humans – Westgate-on-Sea – West Bay Café, Piggy Bank nursery, Station Road in Birchington and Botany Bay and Norfolk Road in Cliftonville.
Spaced – 23 Carleton Road, Tufnell Park, London, England, UK (exteriors: 23 Meteor Street)
Bear Grylls the island – The first series was filmed on an uninhabited Pacific island, Isla Gibraleón, which is one of the Pearl Islands off the coast of Panama. The island has an 8-kilometre (5.0-mile) coastline, 5 beaches, a mangrove swamp, and is covered with jungle
Almost every programme that is shown by channel 4 can be audio described
MODES OF DELIVERY
The main mode of delivery for channel 4 is obviously the use of television due to them having their own channel. In the very beginning channel 4 used analogue, but now analogue is no longer available. So paid services such as sky, talk talk and virgin all feature channel 4 or if you don’t want to pay for anything then free view is also available for TV. Online there is demand 4 which allows people to watch the shows they missed whenever they want which is available across all devices like tables and laptops . Channel 4 has a subscription where you can sign up on their website and they will tell you when all the new shows are available. Channel 4 keeps very up to date with modern technology allowing all platforms to access channel 4. The websites are easy to navigate and it is very user friendly.
Analysis of Channel 4s Bear Grylls The Island
Bear Grylls is one of my favourite channel 4 programmes.
The Location is a large island in the middle of the pacific, so there is nothing there unnatural, no artificial lighting, no set, just the natural pacific islands. The story is that 8 men and 8 women have been stranded on a desert island in the middle of the pacific while neither group knows the other is there. The whole show is filmed by themselves but edited professionaly afterwards, the high up shots would either be done by drone or helicopter which would be done externaly . The sound would be recorded by the islanders themselves, so their would be no external sound. The music, sound effects and voiceovers would be added in afterwards to add effect. As it is an exciting type programme they would add fast paced action type music. Some of the islanders are professional camera men/women so they can do the long shots or close ups etc..They all have either large shoulder cameras or go-pros but they have no other equipment with them. When they leave the island the video footage that they have all recorded would be made into about 6 episodes by professional editors and offsite of the island. The are many reaction shots as the whole point of the show is to see how people survive on their own on an island so to see how they are coping is a very important shot. There are no special effects in this programme everything is filmed how it is, so no green screen, CGI and no stunt men. All the falls are real. The audience for this type of programme is universal because there are all types of people, the swearing is blocked out so young kids can watch it and it includes mixed races.The style and content of this programme is quite unique, it features camera men and women who go into the unknown and film the whole show on their own without a director there to guide them, then the content shows many different types of people all trying to survive on the same island.
So to make a programme first you must have an idea aka a Treatment. Once you have that idea you must find the location you are going to shoot on, so this could be a studio for shows like countdown or a desert island in the pacific for Bear Grylls the Island. Then the location where the programme will be shot will then need to have been checked for health an safety. On an island obviously you couldn’t do this but there is an emergency standby team ready for a call 24/7. Once the shooting location is found and health and safety is done you need a script or people to go there for shows like the island. For countdown the script would tell the presenters what to say but they couldn’t tell what the competitors would say. For shows like Bear Grylls there would be no script you just need to find people to go on your show and you’d do this by creating a survey and having interviews. Once you have location and cast then you can start to shoot.
So you tell your cast and crew the time and day, then weather dependent you can start to shoot. On shows like the island, the camera crews do everything themselves without a director there to guide them, but on shows such as humans the whole show is directed from start to finish.
Then once everything is shot you can start to edit but if its a live show then you’d have to edit as the show goes on but as most shows aren’t live then you edit after you have shot everything you need. Then once the show has been fully edited then it is ready to be shown.
Channel 4 doesn’t specifically focus on any one audience but it is rather time depend to what shows it puts on. Like in the mornings then the most likely shows to be shown would be kid programmes while in the evenings there would be family movies and at night after 8pm then there would be adult shows like naked attraction and made in Chelsea . So it is quite stereotypical when it comes to when they think people watch TV but then again at night most young kids under the age of 13, usually are asleep at this time.
below is some stats of the average ages of watch which channels
the image comes from the official website at channel 4. it proves that 16-34 year olds watch channel 4. it is seen by 21 million ABC1s who are generally quite high class and intelligent people. people like to watch different types of shows that open their eyes to the world in different ways.
e4 is more of female or reality TV shows type channel. as you can see from above they are mostly young, have a reasonably low or medium social grade and are almost all female.
more4 is aimed at higher age groups, these are usually 55+ who are probably at home. they are quite a low social grade, so this means intelligent shows probably aren’t shown. and like e4 they are almost all female. this could be due to them being at home looking after kids or cleaning.
channel 4 itself has a very broad viewer age. they are mainly young or old. and they are all still got a low social age. this is probably because they are either pensioners or benefits. they are also mostly female.
you can see that people like to watch very weird programmes. the type of people who watch these channels like comedy and reality TV, they obviously don’t watch intelligent programmes like discovery.
Channel 4 distributes it’s programmes national and internationally. News and weather is done nationally on the television s well as most of its programmes which are targeted at British audiences. Some shows such as googlebox has been shown in japan making channel 4 international. The correct methods of distribution are key to the success of channel 4 due to its dependency on funding from advertisers. Channel 4 operates on the TV, internet which is accessible by phones, tablets, computers and laptops. This gives channel 4 distribution over every type of device and all these websites are accessible abroad. Channel 4 advertises itself through Facebook, twitter, instagram and many more. All this allows viewers to catch up on TV that they have missed or to see trailer of new programmes.
Channel 4 is closely watched by the government run company called Ofcom. This company regulates all content channel 4 produces and also makes sure that channel 4 keep to their contract. Ofcom may not always be watching so as a back up channel 4 must have available copies of everything aired for legal use by Ofcom. These back-up videos can be used when Ofcom receives a complain from the general public about a show they can then start an investigation into the problem. The ASA (Advertising Standards Authority) regulates the adverts shown during channel 4 programmes. They make sure adverts comply with the Ofcom rules and if not they have the power to remove these adverts for reasons such as, inappropriate, too long or shows unacceptable things. Channel 4 also regulates its own content by having a trained team of professionals monitoring every show from the editing stage. Channel 4 also meets up regularly with ASA and Ofcom to discuss rules and regulations.
Here are examples of what of com monitors in TV
below are the codes that the ASA have to follow